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Black Activist, Black History leaders, Black History Month, Black Leaders, Black Leaders list, Civil Rights, Influential, Influential Black Leaders -

Martin Luther King Jr. Facts Martin Luther King Jr. was born in 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. King, a Baptist minister and civil-rights activist, had a seismic impact on race relations in the United States, beginning in the mid-1950s.  Among his many efforts, King headed the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Through his activism and inspirational speeches he played a pivotal role in ending the legal segregation of African-American citizens in the United States, as well as the creation of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.  King received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964, among...

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African American, Author, Black Activist, Black History leaders, Black History Month, Black Leaders, Black Leaders list, Civil Rights, Influential, Influential Black Leaders, Politics, Racism -

Dick Gregory was a pioneering comedian and civil rights activist who took on race with layered, nuanced humor during the turbulent 1960s. “I've always been insulted when people tell me that my humor has done a lot for race relations. I never thought comedy did anything but make uncomfortable people feel comfortable.” —Dick Gregory Who Was Dick Gregory? Dick Gregory was born in 1932 in St. Louis, Missouri. Gregory got his big break performing as a stand-up comedian at the Playboy Club in the early 1960s. Known for his sophisticated, layered humor that took on racial issues of the day,...

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Activist, Assata, Black Activist, Black History leaders, Black History Month, Black Leaders, Black Leaders list, Black Panther, Black Panther Party, Black Power, Influential Black Leaders, Shakur -

  On May 2, 2013, the FBI placed Assata Shakur, now living in Cuba, on its Most Wanted Terrorists list, which has included the likes of Osama Bin Laden and other Al Quaeda figures, some of whom were executed by drones. This was the day after the State Department was due to release its list of terrorist countries from which Cuba was widely expected to be removed, as even the Miami Herald reported. Release of that list has been postponed and the State Department has asserted Cuba will remain on it, handing a victory to the exiled Cuban plantocracy and...

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Black Activist, Black History, Black History leaders, Black History Month, Black Leaders, Black Leaders list, Influential Black Leaders, Politics, W.E.B. Dubois -

Because he observed the multifaceted nature of African-Americans 1868 – 1963 In the introduction to The Souls of Black Folk, published in 1903, William Edward Burghardt Du Bois wrote that “the problem of the Twentieth Century is the problem of color line.” Though this prophetic remark is perhaps his most indelible, in a career spanning over a half-century until his death in 1963, Du Bois possessed the most perpetual voice on race in American history. Attentive to both sides of the color line, Du Bois provided the most cogent explanation why whites to this day rebuff interracial political alliances even...

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Black Activist, Black History, Black History leaders, Black History Month, Black Leaders, Black Leaders list, Emancipation, Frederick Douglass, Influential Black Leaders, Slave -

Because his voice rose from the horror of slavery to challenge the denial of black humanity 1818 – 1895 A slave. A free person among slaves. A free person who must still fight for full emancipation. Every black person who has called America home has existed in one of these three states. Frederick Douglass endured them all and spoke to these unique human conditions while demanding complete black inclusion in the American experiment. With his autobiography, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, published in 1845, Douglass provided arguably the most influential slavenarrative. Born in Maryland in 1818, the son...

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Black Activist, Black History leaders, Black History Month, Black Leaders, Black Leaders list, Civil Rights, Congress, Gender Equality, Influential Black Leaders, Politics, Shirley Chisholm -

Because before ‘Yes We Can’ there was ‘Unbought and Unbossed’  1924 – 2005 When thinking about how contentious things are in Congress today, imagine being the sole black female congresswoman nearly 50 years ago, at the height of the civil rights movement. Shirley Chisholm was relentless in breaking political barriers with respect to both race and gender. She was a pioneer. In 1968, Chisholm became the first black woman elected to the U.S. Congress, representing New York’s 12th District for seven terms from 1969 to 1983. As both a New York state legislator and a congresswoman, Chisholm championed the rights...

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Black Activist, Black History, Black History leaders, Black History Month, Black Leaders, Black Leaders list, Influential, Influential Black Leaders, James Baldqin, Racism -

1924 – 1987 Because he embraced the responsibility to be a voice of his nation James Baldwin knew it was his job to reveal the truth. The truth about his race. The truth about his country. The ugly truths of racism, poverty and inequality that plagued the United States during his lifetime — and that continue even now, 29 years after his death. He confronted American racism with fearless honesty and courageously explored homosexuality through his literature and in his life. And he did it with style. His brilliant prose combined his own experience with the best — and worst...

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African American, Black Activist, Black History, Black History leaders, Black History Month, Black Leaders, Black Leaders list, Civil Rights, Ella Baker, Influential, Influential Black Leaders, Martin Luther King -

Proof that visibility is not necessary to make an impact, Ella Baker is one of history’s lesser-known civil rights heroes, yet one of the most important. If Martin Luther King Jr. was the head of the civil rights movement, Ella Baker was its backbone. Born on Dec. 13, 1903, in Norfolk, Virginia, and raised in North Carolina, Baker cultivated her passion and desire for social justice at a young age. Her grandmother, who was a slave, once told her a story of being whipped for refusing to marry a man of her slave owner’s choosing — fueling Baker’s desire for...

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